ERIC Number: ED062670
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Need Affiliation and Achievement: Declining Sex Differences.
Lunneborg, Patricia; Rosenwood, Linda W.
This study sought to replicate one in Bardwick's 1971 "Psychology of Women" which found that women were strictly interpersonal and affiliative. The expectation was that the traditional stereotypes of affiliative females and achievement-oriented males would not be as strong today as most people believe. Subjects were 465 college students who responded anonymously to a brief prospective survey for which a coding-by-example scheme was developed by the Bureau of Testing to measure need affiliation and need achievement. Of four chi square tests of differences between the sexes in the two needs under two stimulusconditions, only one reached significance, although all differences were in line with traditional expectations. It was concluded that six-stereotypes in regard to these needs are changing in the college population both by men becoming more concerned with interpersonal relationships and women with pride in school and work. The coding instructions and examples are appended for use by other researchers. (BW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., Seattle. Bureau of Testing.