ERIC Number: ED062643
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Cognitive Determinants of Achieving Behavior.
A cognitive explanation of achievement-related behavior is developed. It is suggested that high and low achievers diverge behaviorally in the achievement situation because they conceptualize the causes of success and failure in different ways. The results of a study are presented which show that subjects high in achievement needs tend to attribute outcome to effort more than subjects who are intermediate or low in achievement needs. Having established that these different levels of achievement motivation can be characterized in terms of their cognitive dispositions with respect to causal attribution, the author presents further evidence which supports his hypothesis that these different cognitions of causality are the antecedent conditions of achievement-related behavior; that is, the behavior characteristic of a given achievement group will be elicited whenever the causal cognition typical of that group is induced. This formulation is contrasted with the current view of achievement which differentiates achieving behavior on the basis of differences in the affective states of pride or shame elicited by the task situation. (TL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles.