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ERIC Number: ED062634
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Population Density and Pathology: What Are the Relationships for Man?
Galle, Omer R.; And Others
Evidence of high population density's serious inhibiting effects on the reproductive, aggressive, withdrawal and sexual behavior of various animals, motivated a study of human pathology in overcrowded areas. Ecological relationships in Chicago and their impact on human behavior were assessed. The number of persons per acre, Standardized Mortality Ratio, and General Fertility Rate were gauged, as were Public Assistance Rate for persons under 18 (a measure of ineffectual parental care), Juvenile Delinquency Rate, (a measure of aggressive behavior), and the Rate of Admissions to Mental Hospitals. Social class and ethnicity were also considered. Great differences were found between the different measures of population density: (1) Persons per room accounted for most of the variance for mortality, fertility, public assistance and juvenile delinquency. (2) For admissions to mental hospitals, rooms per housing unit accounted for virtually all the variance associated with density. (3) Number of housing units per structure was less important; rooms per housing unit and structures per acre appeared relatively unimportant. The causal relationship between density and pathology is discussed for each of the five pathologies. (KS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN.