ERIC Number: ED062499
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Verbal Rewards and Punishment on Subject-Matter Growth of Culturally Disadvantaged First Grade Children.
Honeycutt, Joan K.; Soar, Robert S.
The purpose of this study was to extend a relationship between teacher verbal rewarding and punishing behavior and subject matter growth previously obtained with middle-class postprimary children, with a different population; namely, first-grade, lower-class children. The subjects were 366 children and 20 teachers from first-grade classes participating in Project Follow-Through in the Eastern United States. The total sample consisted of those 190 Negro and 176 Caucasian children for whom complete test batteries were available. During the school year, teacher-pupil verbal interaction in the selected classrooms was observed and recorded. Measures of verbal reward, verbal punishment, and a control ratio were derived from observations by trained observers for each teacher. The test battery, administered in the fall and spring of the school year, consisted of samples of items drawn from the Metropolitan Readiness Test, Early Childhood Inventory Project Test, and Educational Testing Service Examination. The principal finding was that Negro children gained more on the Word Meaning subtest when they were in integrated classrooms. However, of interest was the inability of this research to substantiate a relationship between teacher verbal behaviors and subject-matter growth of students. (Authors/JM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Students, Classroom Communication, Classroom Desegregation, Classroom Observation Techniques, Classroom Research, Desegregation Effects, Elementary School Students, Interaction Process Analysis, Lower Class Students, Rewards, Socioeconomic Status, Student Teacher Relationship, Verbal Communication, White Students
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Based on a dissertation by the first author to the Graduate Council of the Univ. of Florida in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Ed.D. degree