ERIC Number: ED062309
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Sep
Reference Count: 0
A Comparative Study of Team and Individual Decision Making.
Lopossa, Barbara D.
The aims of this study were a) to compare the quality of decisions and the decision-making behavior of individual teachers and teaching teams, and b) to study the effects of formal leadership on decision making. One hundred and ninety teachers from California elementary schools were divided and placed into sections of teaching teams or self-contained classrooms. Of the teaching team section, 75 teachers were assigned to work in 20 teams, and 20 teachers were assigned to work as individuals. The other group from self-contained classrooms included 75 teachers assigned to 20 ad hoc groups and 20 working as individuals. Decision-making behavior was measured by the way in which subjects evaluated a given set of alternative courses of action in regard to each of two problems of student behavior. The decision consisted of ranking these alternatives after they had been evaluated. The quality of the decision was determined by comparing the subjects' ranking with an average ranking obtained from 15 experts. The verbal and nonverbal behavior of groups was recorded and analyzed using the Bales Interaction Process Analysis. Results showed that groups were more extreme than individuals in evaluating the consequences of teacher behavior, ad hoc groups displayed more tension than teams, and smaller groups showed more solidarity and less disagreement than did larger ones. A 25-item bibliography and appendixes are included. (Author/MJM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Stanford Center for Research and Development in Teaching.