ERIC Number: ED062243
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Jan
Reference Count: 0
The Ecology of Home Environments. Final Report.
Altman, Irwin; And Others
This empirical study, concerned with man-environment relationships in the home, identifies similarities and differences among family types; develops a body of normative, descriptive, baseline data about the home environments of a sample of lower middle class American families; and, gathers information regarding patterns of spatial behavior across various parts of the home. Data were collected on 147 male U. S. Navy sailors 18-21 years old by means of a behavior oriented questionnaire containing approximately 330 items about the respondents' homes and family practices. The findings indicated that there are a number of "universal" practices regarding use of the home environment and that clusters of environmentally related behaviors distinguish two "ecological styles", in terms of behaviors exhibited throughout the home: Type A (open/informal/socially interactive characteristics that are reflected in all family members); and Type B (who exhibit the opposite characteristics and set up firmer boundaries). Directions for further research are: 1) examine antecedent factors associated with the use of family environments; 2) compare patterns of the use of environments; and, 3) compare social, ethnic, and cultural groups. (Author/SJM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Utah Univ., Salt Lake City. Dept. of Psychology.