ERIC Number: ED062069
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Excluded Student; Educational Practices Affecting Mexican Americans in the Southwest. Mexican American Education Study.
Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.
In this U.S. Commission on Civil Rights report, denial of equal opportunity to Mexican Americans by exclusionary practices in public schools is examined through information gathered at a Commission on Civil Rights hearing and a subsequent 1969 survey of school districts in Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas having enrollments of more than 10% Spanish-surnamed students. Although some innovations oriented to closing the educational gap between Anglos and Mexican Americans were found, school systems generally had not recognized the culture and tradition of the Mexican American and had not adopted policies and programs enabling Mexican American students to participate fully in the benefits of the educational process. Of 3 types of programs that schools may use to meet the English language difficulty of Spanish-speaking students (bilingual education, English as a second language, and remedial reading), bilingual education was observed to be potentially the most advantageous to both Anglo and non-English-speaking students; however, bilingual programs were found in only 6.5% of the schools--possibly because of the great curricular change required. Suppression of the Spanish language was found to be the most overt area of cultural exclusion, followed by exclusion of relevant course content in terms of Indo-Hispanic history, heritage, and folklore. Exclusion of Mexican American community involvement was also noted: few school districts availed themselves of community advisory boards, contacts with the community, community relations specialists, and/or Mexican American educational consultants. Related documents are ED 052 849 and ED 056 821. (MJB)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Community Involvement, Community Role, Cultural Awareness, Curriculum, Educational Needs, Educational Policy, English (Second Language), Equal Education, Mexican American Education, Mexican Americans, Public Schools, Questionnaires, Research, School Community Relationship, Surveys
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock No. 0500-0074, $0.75)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.