ERIC Number: ED061558
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Covert Behavior Modification: An Experimental Analogue.
Mahoney, Michael J.; And Others
Data are presented from two experiments investigating whether covert responses can be modified. Imagery was chosen as a target because of its significant role in behavior therapy techniques. Resent evidence on the facilitative effects of imagery in paired-associate learning suggested to the experimenters the use of performance on a paired-associate learning task (in which imagery was used as a mediator) to corroborate self-reports of covert responding (imaging). In an attempt to increase or decrease the frequency of imaging, subjects were either reinforced or punished for self-reports of specific associative methods. Data indicates predictable frequency changes in imaging as a function of external contingency arrangements. The authors interpret their findings as supporting an assumption of homogeneity regarding overt and covert behavior principles, most notably that covert behaviors are functionally related to their consequences. Clinical implications for behavior therapists are briefly discussed. (Author/TL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Stanford Center for Research and Development in Teaching.