ERIC Number: ED061256
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
An Evaluation of Forced-Choice and True-False Item Formats in Personality Assessment.
Jackson, Douglas N.; And Others
In a comparative evaluation of a standard true-false format for personality assessment and a forced-choice format, subjects from college residential units were assigned randomly to respond either to the forced-choice or standard true-false form of the Personality Research Form (PRF). All subjects also rated themselves and the members of their residential units on behavior traits corresponding to the PRF scales. Reliabilities of the scales comprising the true-false form were substantially higher than those in the forced-choice form. Peer rating validities for the true-false and forced-choice forms were in a comparable range, but correlations with self-ratings were higher for the true-false form. Results do not support the contention that for personality scales a forced-choice format is consistently more valid than a standard format. Considering the other advantages of the true-false format, including its freedom from the complicating effects of ipsative scores, the use of this format is recommended for the great majority of applications in personality assessment. (Author)
Descriptors: Behavior Rating Scales, College Housing, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Correlation, Forced Choice Technique, Multiple Choice Tests, Peer Relationship, Personality Assessment, Personality Measures, Response Style (Tests), Responses, Self Evaluation, Test Bias, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Tests
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Personality Research Form