ERIC Number: ED061012
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Dec
Reference Count: 0
The Adequacy of the Cloze in Measuring Comprehension of Different Logical Patterns.
Ratekin, Ned H.
Differences between comprehension of inductively presented material and of deductively presented materials as reflected by scores on multiple-choice and cloze tests of comprehension were sought using specifically constructed materials. The Logical Patterns Test was designed with a series of multiple-choice tests in one section and a series of cloze tests in another. Each section has a deductive and inductive part. Subjects, 33 college freshmen and sophomores, were given the test in two sessions. Data for the four subtests were analyzed using t-tests and correlation procedures. Significant differences were noted for presentation methods in both test types, the deductive passages being consistently more difficult. Examination of correlations among subtest scores revealed that multiple-choice tests appear to discriminate between comprehension of both presentation methods to a greater extent than do cloze tests. Tables and references are included. (MS)
Descriptors: Cloze Procedure, College Students, Comprehension, Deduction, Induction, Multiple Choice Tests, Reading Comprehension, Reading Research, Reading Tests, Test Construction
National Reading Conference, Inc., Marquette University, 1217 W. Wisconsin Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 53233
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Reading Conference, Tampa, Fla., Dec. 1971