ERIC Number: ED060682
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Implicit and Explicit: A Synopsis of Three Experiments in Applied Psycholinguistics Assessing Different Methods of Teaching Grammatical Structures in English as a Foreign Language.
A summary and comparison of the statistical analysis and results of the first three GUME research projects investigating foreign language teaching methods are presented in this report. The methods investigated are the habit-formation or implicit theory and the cognitive-code learning or explicit theory with either source-language or target-language explanations. Design problems, measuring instruments, statistics, background variables, and the outcomes of the teaching methods themselves are all considered for the three projects. Tables illustrate the variables and the statistical findings of the projects. According to the analysis, there are no significant differences between the results of the three teaching methods. Appendixes provide descriptions of the oral drills and instructional explanations as well as an account of the pedagogical principles used in structuring the teaching materials. A bibliography is also provided. Related documents can be found through the following reference numbers: Project 1, ED 034 172; Project 2, FL 002 818; Project 3, FL 002 819; Project 4, ED 045 969; Project 5, FL 002 814; Adult Project, FL 002 868. (VM)
Descriptors: Analysis of Covariance, Analysis of Variance, Applied Linguistics, Comparative Analysis, Educational Experiments, Educational Strategies, English (Second Language), Language Instruction, Language Research, Psycholinguistics, Research Projects, Second Language Learning, Statistical Analysis, Statistical Data, Statistical Studies, Tables (Data), Teaching Methods
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Swedish Board of Education, Stockholm.
Authoring Institution: Gothenburg Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of English.; Gothenburg School of Education (Sweden).