PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED060637
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr-5
Reference Count: 0
Factors Influencing "Learning Difficulty" in Programmed Instruction.
Hornung, Owen J.; Morasky, Robert L.
Based on the assumption that learning difficulty in programed instruction is related to completion time and program response error-rates, an attempt was made to demonstrate that deletion of knowledge of results (KR) and first example (E) in the Rule-Example-Positive/Negative Example teaching frame paradigm would increase learning difficulty. Four groups of 31 subsets each completed programs with the following designs: E and KR; E and no KR; KR and no E, and no E and no KR. Program response rates and work rates favored the inclusion of examples. KR influenced completion time when the examples were deleted. It was concluded that examples in teaching frames were a factor influencing learning difficulty. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Plattsburgh. Coll. at Plattsburgh.
Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, April 5, 1972