ERIC Number: ED060476
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Small Group Contingencies and Special Activity Times Used to Manage Behavior in a First Grade Classroom.
Simmons, Joyce T.; Wasik, Barbara
Management procedures were successfully employed to decrease the frequency of first grade children leaving small instructional centers. To decrease the out-of-center behavior, access to a 30-minute special activity time was made available to different groups as a function of everyone remaining within his group instructional center. One occurrence of out-of-center behavior resulted in a cost of 10 minutes of special activity time for the children in that center. The frequency of out-of-center behaviors quickly decreased from baseline 1 to the modification 1 condition, increased when the modification condition was removed, and decreased again in modification 11. Observations made on the percent of the children's appropriate social and academic behaviors showed increases during the modification conditions. Also, the time the teacher spent in responding to inappropriate behavior decreased and the time spent in instruction increased during the modification conditions. (Author)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavioral Science Research, Classroom Environment, Classroom Research, Grade 1, Individualized Instruction, Peer Teaching, Small Group Instruction
Barbara Wasik, School of Education, Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N. C. 27514
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill.
Note: Paper presented at American Psychological Association Meetings, Washington, D. C., September 3-7, 1971