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ERIC Number: ED060318
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969-Mar
Pages: 4
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Meiji shoki no kyoiku seisaku to chiho eno teichaku (Educational Policies and Their Localization in the Earlier Years of the Meiji).
Naka, Arita
This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1,500 words) of a history of education during the Meiji period in Japan. Gakusei was the first school code, passed in 1872; it created Japan's first system of modern education. The study deals with the relations between the educational policies of the central government and the actual practices in local school districts in the early years of the Meiji era (1868-1912). Five themes are treated: (1) the organization of educational administration; (2) school districts; (3) the establishment of elementary schools; (4) the district education officer; and (5) the school officer. The 1872 School Code envisaged the establishment of universities, secondary schools, and elementary schools in the eight university districts or"great school districts" into which the whole country was to be divided. The Ministry of Education, founded in 1871, ordered an elementary school and a foreign language school to be established in the Tokyo perfecture. These schools were intended to be built by the people and maintained by fees. Older private schools were termed Terakoya, and taught in conformity to the verities of Confucianism. The new schools were public and secular in approach. (Author/GDB)
Available in CEAS Abstract Series No. 1-4 (ED 060 227)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan