ERIC Number: ED060140
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: N/A
The Political Economy of Urban Schools.
Katzman, Martin T.
This work was intended as a contribution to the theory of the nonprofit organization, local public finance, and human resources. There is a discussion of approaches to evaluating school systems, the validity of any of which depends upon prior knowledge of the resource-performance relationship, or the educational production function. A case study is presented of production in the Boston elementary schools. The behavior of school systems with respect to technological efficiency is examined. Supply curves are developed to estimate the cost of improving educational achievement to use existing schools most efficiently, and to estimate the costs of bringing the academic performance in a "culturally deprived" school district up to city standards. The process of distribution of educational opportunity for nonprofit enterprises is an additional focus. Several notions of equality are operationalized and compared in terms of their reliability, validity and controllability. There is a consideration of the impact of structural reorganization of big city school systems in the author's examination of the problems of education. Three alternatives to the current system of administering and financing big city schools are discussed: decentralization, metropolitanism, and "privatization" through tuition vouchers. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cost Effectiveness, Educational Change, Educational Economics, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Educational Quality, Educational Resources, Equal Education, Human Capital, Inner City, Policy Formation, Productivity, Resource Allocation, Urban Schools
Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass. ($7.50)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Joint Center for Urban Studies, Cambridge, MA.