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ERIC Number: ED060016
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Pages: 281
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Content Analysis of the Treatment of Negro Characters in Children's Picture Books 1930-1968.
Bingham, Jane Marie
The ways in which the American Negro had been depicted in the illustrations of children's picture books published between 1930 and 1968 were studied. A total of 41 books, which included 1,067 illustrations, were found on recommended book lists. The books were grouped into four historical periods: 1930-1944, 1945-1954, 1955-1964, 1965-1968. Four major categories were constructed in order to differentiate and describe the treatment of Negro characters in the book illustrations: physical characteristics, environmental characteristics, adult roles, and character interaction. A coding instrument included subcategories of the major categories which were derived from the questions posed, and were based on the content analyzed and the type of analysis used. The major conclusions of the study were: (1) Negro characters were depicted in a variety of ways; most exaggerations occurred in the earliest period, and seemed to reflect the prevailing social concepts of the time; (2) Almost no important conclusions could be drawn about environmental conditions; (3) There were more Negroes in work roles in the first two periods than there were Caucasian in the last two; more Negro than Caucasian home roles were shown; and (4) The interaction among a variety of characters did not differ from period to period. (Author/DB)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Ordering No. 70-20,437: MF $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, Michigan State University