ERIC Number: ED060000
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Creative Dramatics on Learning and Retention of Classroom Material. Final Report.
Ingersoll, Richard L.; Kase, Judith B.
Children in eight classes of the 5th and 6th grades were randomly assigned to four groups. Group 1 received no training in creative dramatics; Group 4 was trained in the use of creative dramatics and were taught by the creative dramatics technique. Group 2 children were trained in the technique, but were not taught the material by the use of the technique; Group 3 children were not trained but were taught by the technique. The study was designed to answer the question as to whether the use of creative dramatics enhances learning and whether the child needed to be trained to benefit from such a technique. The analysis indicates that creative dramatics has an effect both on learning and retention, but the relationship varies, depending on the sex and training of the child. The findings also disclose that the higher the grade the less important creative dramatics is as a teaching technique. The sex difference was another salient factor; the data were such that using creative dramatics to teach cognitive material actually works against the boys' retention of the material. The girls, on the other hand, appeared to benefit by the technique, both in the initial learning, and the retention of the material learned. Although there appears to be trends in the area of grade and perceived intelligence, no conclusions can be drawn until they can be partialled on sex. (Author/CK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: New Hampshire Univ., Durham.