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ERIC Number: ED059971
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Individual Differences and Preference for Instructional Methods.
Pascal, Charles E.
This study was part of an effort to evaluate the effectiveness of offering three options--lecture, lecture with discussions, and independent reading--to students in a large lecture course and was concerned with identifying any significant student variables related to choice of an option. The subjects were 185 students in an experimental psychology course on socialization. The instruments used include a test anxiety questionnaire, an omnibus personality inventory, and a general information questionnaire. Results indicated several significant differences between the three groups of students. Those who chose the independent study option indicate a significantly greater need for autonomy, flexibility, a higher tolerance for ambiguity, and a greater preference for abstract and scientific thinking than students who chose the lecture option. Students in the lecture-discussion group were significantly moderate in their preference for reflective thought and academic activities, not different from the lecture group in their interest in abstract thinking, and not different from the independent study group with respect to tolerance of ambiguity and autonomy. The lecture group scored significantly higher on the anti-intellectual authoritarian factor than the other two groups. Further research is under way to test for possible interactions between personality factors, the preference factor, and instructional methods and their effects on cognitive and affective outcomes. (MBM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: McGill Univ., Montreal (Quebec).