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ERIC Number: ED059848
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Oct
Pages: 4
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Effective Reading Instruction for Senior High School Special Education Students.
McConnell, Jim; And Others
A phonetically based reading program was designed for senior high school special education students utilizing the teaching techniques of behavior modification. Student success was the primary reinforcing agent. Students began by reading orally sound symbols printed on cards. Each day the individual students' oral reading was timed. Throughout the program an objective was to maintain a low error rate, yet to progress as rapidly as the students could respond correctly. When all of the regular spellings of the long vowels had been mastered and the individual student's rate was maintained at 80 to 100 sounds-per-minute, he was moved into reading word cards. The words were regular in pronunciation, usually emphasizing a particular vowel sound. Once the student had maintained a rate of 110 to 120 words-per-minute, he was moved into reading sentences from a graded reading series, and then advanced to higher readers when his oral rate improved. Accelerated student performance was evident. Students gained reading competence, self-confidence, and interest in reading, and showed better performance in all subject areas and social behavior in school. (AW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the meeting of the Washington Organization for Reading Development, Walla Walla, Wash., Oct., 1971