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ERIC Number: ED059807
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Aug
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Navajo Language Maintenance II: Six-Year-Olds in 1970.
Spolsky, Bernard
The purpose of this study was to determine 6-year-old Navajo children's relative proficiency in Navaho and English upon entering school. A first study on this topic was done in 1969. In the present study, data were obtained for 3,653 of the 4,645 children who were 6 years old in 1970. This study used a teacher questionnaire which was checked for reliability. Teachers having Navajo children in over 100 Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) schools and public schools on or near the Navajo Reservation were asked to describe the language capability of the 6-year-old Navajo pupils. To estimate the validity of teachers' judgments, 194 children at 18 schools were further tested. Results showed that over 2/3 of Navajo children start school not knowing enough English to function in a classroom using English. In BIA schools, this figure is 86%; in public schools, it is 51%. Comparison of 1970 results with 1969 results showed a very slight increase in amount of English that Navajo children know upon entering school. Related documents are ED 035 484, ED 043 004, ED 043 005, ED 043 413, and ED 048 584. (NQ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Albuquerque, NM.
Authoring Institution: New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque.