ERIC Number: ED059520
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Praise and Group Competition as Motivating Incentives for Children.
Senior, Kathleen; Brophy, Jere
The relative effectiveness of praise and group competition as motivating incentives affecting task persistence in young children was investigated. As predicted, competition was relatively more effective with 2nd graders than with kindergarten children, with boys than with girls, and with boring tasks than with more ego-involving tasks. However, competition was not significantly more effective than praise except on boring tasks. Competition may not be a very effective incentive for younger school children in view of its possible negative side effects. Praise appears to be simpler and equally effective. (Author)
Descriptors: Educational Research, Elementary School Students, Feedback, Motivation, Reinforcement, Responses, Rewards, Sex Differences, Social Reinforcement, Task Performance
Dr. Jere Brophy, Dept. of Educational Psychology, Univ. of Texas, Austin, Tex. 78712
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin.
Note: Paper presented at American Educational Research Association convention, Chicago, Ill., April 3-7, 1972