ERIC Number: ED059466
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971-May-1
Reference Count: N/A
The Prediction of Recidivism: The Environmental Deprivation Scale (EDS), a Method of Assessing Degree of Environmental Deprivation and Behavioral Deviancy.
Jenkins, W. O.
A methodology for the assessment and prediction of recidivism in terms of degree or extent of environmental deprivation or support is presented. The Environmental Deprivation Scale (EDS) was employed as an objective means of assessing environmental circumstances in a group of recidivists as contrasted with non-recidivists. The EDS consists of a check list of 16 behavioral items dealing with everyday functioning in the areas of occupation, institutional activities and interpersonal relations. In the present study a total of 74 releasees from Draper Correctional Center were followed up in their postrelease life. The present report contains the detailed comparison of recidivists and non-recidivists on the EDS along with additional information on the discriminatory power of the EDS in other forms of behavioral deviancy. The data show that there is appreciable separation in EDS performance of recidivists and nonrecidivists. Recidivists show a high degree of environmental deprivation while the nonrecidivists show a much greater degree of environmental support. Thus, the EDS serves as a detection device as well as a criterion of degree of deprivation and an indicator of the extent of behavioral deviancy. (CK)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Problems, Behavior Rating Scales, Behavioral Science Research, Comparative Analysis, Correctional Rehabilitation, Data Analysis, Environmental Influences, Evaluation Methods, Interpersonal Competence, Predictive Validity, Problem Solving, Psychopathology, Rating Scales, Recidivism, Standards
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rehabilitation Research Foundation, Elmore, AL. Draper Correctional Center.