ERIC Number: ED059442
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Jan
Reference Count: 0
An Ecological Experiment in Corrections: A Programmed Environment for Behavior Modification.
Milan, Michael A.
The problem of a steadily rising crime rate and an apparent inability of existing legal, judicial, and penal procedure to serve as either deterrents to or modifiers of criminal behavior are presented. The point is made that the principles of behavior modification derive primarily from basic research performed within the framework of the experimental analysis of behavior. The Rehabilitation Research Foundation has been involved in the design, implementation, evaluation, and dissemination of innovative correctional programs for a number of years. It is proposed that the next logical step in the utilization of these techniques in corrections be taken: the development and evaluation of a token economy within the institution itself. The proposed demonstration project will: (1) Establish a token economy in one cell block of a large correctional institution for adult, male offenders (felons); (2) Examine the effectiveness of a system based upon positive reinforcement; (3) Develop a remedial educational program tailored to the correctional setting; (4) Determine the impact of various token reinforcement procedures; and (5) Evaluate the effect of token economy upon post-release adjustment and recidivism. The project has three phases. Phase I will consist of an initial observation period. Phase II will involve the institution and maintenance of the token economy. Phase III will consist of postrelease follow-up. Follow-up data will be used for validation and intervention purposes. (CK)
Descriptors: Adult Programs, Behavior Change, Behavioral Science Research, Correctional Rehabilitation, Crime, Demonstration Programs, Ecological Factors, Economics, Environmental Influences, Environmental Research, Innovation, Law Enforcement, Males, Problem Solving, Program Evaluation, Reinforcement, Remedial Instruction
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Rehabilitation Research Foundation, Elmore, AL. Draper Correctional Center.