ERIC Number: ED059192
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: N/A
Philosophical Commonality and Speech Types.
Hart, Roderick Patrick, Jr.
This study attempts to investigate the nature of speech types and to arrive at hypotheses for a theory of rhetorical genres. The investigation tries inductively to answer the question: To what extent do recurrent rhetorical patterns suggest groupings of speeches on the basis of presuppositions philosophically shared between speakers and listeners? A sample of 54 contemporary speeches was subjected to 19 critical examinations. The analyses suggested five general clusterings of speeches. The first speech type identified was called doctrinal, since speakers and listeners in these situations shared commitments to formal doctrines or dogmas. The second speech type was called quasi-doctrinal, since speakers shifted between very doctrinal behavior and decidedly non-doctrinal speaking patterns. A third cluster of speeches were practical in that they constantly emphasized the purposes of certain organizations. A fourth speech type identified consisted of speeches addressed to apparently uncommitted listeners--uncertain rhetoric. The rhetorical behaviors of a fifth group of speeches appeared "cautious." The differences between the different genres identified are differences of degree rather than kind. The hypothesis which appears warranted by the study is: Human discourses will congregate at at least five major points on a line extending from situations in which speakers and listeners shared few if any immediately pertinent presuppositions to situations in which philosophical commonality is pronounced. (Author/CK)
Descriptors: Attitudes, Beliefs, Cluster Grouping, Content Analysis, Dogmatism, Hypothesis Testing, Interpersonal Relationship, Objectives, Philosophy, Rhetoric, Speech, Speech Communication
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 71-6311: MF $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, Pennsylvania State University