ERIC Number: ED059002
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Jan
The Effects of Two Types of Group Counseling Upon the Academic Achievement and Self-Concept of Mexican-American Pupils in the Elementary School.
Leo, Paul F.
A 20-week experimental study investigated effects of 2 group counseling techniques as aids in improvement of academic achievement and self-concept of 144 Mexican American pupils from the 4th, 5th, and 6th grades of 2 elementary schools. Also used in the study were results of a pilot project conducted with Mexican American pupils to compare the Semantic Differential Technique and the Self-Esteem Inventory in measurement of self-concept. Two dependent variables were studied: (1) total academic achievement on the Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills and subtest scores in reading, language, and arithmetic and (2) total self-concept measured by the Semantic Differential Technique and the feelings toward nationality subtest. Independent variables were (1) comparison of the Bicultural Group Counseling Treatment, designed to develop pupil pride in ethnic background, and the Traditional Group Counseling Treatment, which placed emphasis on school adjustment and improvement in academic achievement; (2) treatment effects on the school attended; (3) male and female effects produced by treatments; and (4) comparison of treatment effects on foreign-born and native-born pupils. This latter comparison was possible in only 1 school because of its almost equal proportion of foreign- and native-born students. Pre- and post-test scores were analyzed using analysis of covariance. Findings indicated that none of the variances for the treatments variable proved significant although significant interactions were found in several control variables. The pilot study reported a fairly positive correlation between the Semantic Differential Technique and the Self-Esteem Inventory for measurement of self-concept. (Author/NQ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Cooperative Research Program.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Doctor's dissertation submitted to University of the Pacific, Stockton, California