ERIC Number: ED058984
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Migration of Youth from Rural Households of the Northeast Coastal Plain of South Carolina.
Dillman, B. L.; McElveen, J. V.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether there were identifiable differences in the characteristics of 3 groups of youths: (1) those who remained in the same or adjoining counties (nonmigrants), (2) those who migrated to other areas of the South, and (3) those who migrated to areas outside the South. Included in the sample were 700 youths who left 1,000 sample households in the northeast coastal plains area of South Carolina within a 10-year period prior to a 1966 survey of these households. The 299 white youths and 401 Negro youths were not contacted directly. Instead, heads of sample households were asked a series of questions about the youth who left the households in the 1956-66 period. Household heads were also asked questions relating to their aspirations and expectations for all their children, whether they were already gone or were still at home. Household income and age, sex, education, and occupation of the household head were also ascertained. Analysis of questionnaire data employed the chi-square technique. It was found that migration was highly selective with respect to both race and education. Negroes were more prone to migrate than whites and, when they migrated, were more likely to move outside the South. Migrant whites and Negroes had more education and training than nonmigrants of the same race. Only half of the white youths migrated from the area compared to more than 3/4 of the Negroes. A strong positive relationship existed between education and outmigration for girls of both races. A significant relationship between education and outmigration was also found for Negro boys but not for white boys. (LS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station, Clemson.
Identifiers - Location: South Carolina