ERIC Number: ED058678
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Environmental Criteria: MR Preschool Day Care Facilities.
Waligura, Randolph L.; And Others
Contributions of the physical environment to the learning process and environmental needs of preschool children are evaluated. Guidelines for the planning and design of preschool day care facilities, especially for mentally retarded and other children with developmental disabilities, are established. The current status and trends in day care services are summarized and the background, learning characteristics, and curriculum objectives for retarded, culturally deprived, and normal children are described. Methods and activities used to achieve these objectives, and the implications they have for the supporting physical environment, are identified. Component parts of the physical environment (color, light, acoustics, climate control, interior surfaces, space, flexibility) are discussed individually and in their relationship with each other and various psychological variables. Suggested detailed planning and design requirements for the preschool facility cover the education/training area, ancillary area, administrative area, storage, furniture, and safety. The planning and design process necessary for utilization of these guidelines is illustrated by four hypothetical case studies in which facilities are designed for different day care situations. (KW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rehabilitation Services Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas A and M Univ., College Station. School of Architecture.