ERIC Number: ED058677
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Special Education Delivery: The Need for Reform.
Special education, it is stated, must reform its modus operandi on many fronts to reach the goal of equal educational opportunity for all children. It is shown that our educational systems violate the dignity and personal integrity of many children, and that we must stop making economic advantage the primary criterion for judging the adequacy of educational efforts for all children. Several criticisms of special education point out where it has erred, such as in following a medical model too closely. Enumerated are eight factors which are fueling the slow movement away from the traditional categorical disease model approach. In assessing how special education is doing we are seen to be using inadequate criteria. To combat discouragement, the real achievements which have been made for handicapped children since 1930 are reviewed. Suggestions of priority are advanced for improving service. The nine recommendations concern state role, cross categorical orientation, use of federal funds, program evaluation, and other program features. It is concluded that, if action is not taken, instructional practices of demonstrated inefficiency will be perpetuated and resources will be wasted. (KW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA. Information Center on Exceptional Children.