ERIC Number: ED058606
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reinforcement: Applied Research. Applying Applied Reinforcement.
Wolf, Montrose M.; And Others
These 2 papers examine the application of reinforcement principles in natural social settings. The first paper concentrates on the methodology of applied research, using an experimental as opposed to an observational strategy. That is, the experimenter intervenes with special "treatments" in a real-life social institution, much as he would in a laboratory experiment, and the behaviors studied are typically of real social concern. The 2nd paper considers a number of specific questions raised by the attempt to apply reinforcement principles in educational and therapeutic settings and suggests some lines of further research. Several concerns are: (1) the question of whether and how behavior can be maintained after special programs of reinforcement are terminated; (2) extensive, systematic study of the relationship between "programmed" and "natural" rewards is badly needed before reinforcement principles can be widely and well used in applied settings; and (3) developing effective training and maintenance programs for reinforcement agents. (Author/TA)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Kansas Univ., Lawrence.; Pittsburgh Univ., PA.