ERIC Number: ED058499
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Free and Freedom Schools. A National Survey of Alternative Programs.
Cooper, Bruce S.
This survey includes programs that are designed for elementary and high school students and which (1) refrain from "institutionalized coercion," (2) de-emphasize traditional curriculum, (3) eliminate dependence on competition and encourage authentic self-motivation, (4) emphasize individual abilities and character rather than formal training in the recruitment of teachers, and (5) eliminate rigid age and grade level separation of students. Based on these criteria, 346 private schools are included, 38 of which were accorded site visits and/or telephone interviews. The body of this report centers around five topics: (1) descriptions, models, and growth of alternative schools; (2) growth patterns, developmental phases, and survival rates; (3) conventional functions of unconventional schools and their programs, governance, finances, and legal positions; (4) the future of alternative schools and their impact on conventional schools and communities. Three appendixes provide data on alternative schools, names of the schools visited and contacted, and a selected bibliography. (For related document, see ED 058 473.) (Author/MLF)
Descriptors: Bibliographies, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Change, Educational Finance, Educational Philosophy, Educational Practices, Freedom Schools, Governance, Individual Power, Legal Problems, Minority Group Children, Models, National Surveys, Parent Teacher Cooperation, Private Schools, School Organization, Values
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: President's Commission on School Finance, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A