ERIC Number: ED058460
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Improved Utilization of Nonmedical Mental Health Workers through Increased Empathy Levels of Psychiatric Aides. Final Report.
Marshall, Jon C.; And Others
To determine if a relatively short training program focusing on interpersonal relationships, communication and observation skills, and knowledge and understanding of behavior would increase the empathic ability of psychiatric aides, 20 black aides of low socioeconomic background were randomly divided into an experimental and control group. The experimental group attended 12 2-hour training sessions held twice weekly for 6 weeks which focused on awareness and understanding of one's feelings and those of emotionally disturbed children and an ability to empathize with these children. Taped interviews with coached clients were obtained for each aide immediately preceding, immediately following, and 6 weeks after the training sessions, and these tapes were rated on the Carkhuff scale for levels of empathy expressed by the aides. Analysis by using a 2x3 mixed model design revealed significant differences in mean ratings between the groups, favoring positive changes in the experimental group. Though further research is recommended, the program, with minor modifications, could be used successfully as an inservice program for classroom teachers, administrators, nurses, and other groups. The training manual and Carkhuff scale for levels of empathy are appended. (SB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Missouri Univ., St. Louis. Dept. of Behavioral Studies and Research.