ERIC Number: ED058153
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Preparing School Personnel Relative to Values: A Look at Moral Education in the Schools.
Kohlberg, Lawrence; Selman, Robert L.
This paper clarifies the development of moral judgement and the means by which educators can stimulate this development. Moral teaching is defined as the process of open discussion aimed at stimulating the child to move to the next step in his development. Research evidence shows that internalized principles of moral judgement cannot be taught, but their development can be encouraged. The main conclusions are (a) the definition of "good behavior" should not be relative only to the standards or biases of the teacher; (b) the teacher's initial task is to understand, from the child's viewpoint, what is good and bad about a given behavior; (c) since the child's judgement follows a developmental sequence, some thinking can be defined as more morally mature than others; (d) it is psychologically and ethically legitimate to encourage the child to act in accordance with his highest level of judgement; and (e) insofar as discrepancies between judgement and action reflect a form of cognitive conflict that may serve to promote development, encouraging correspondence between judgement and behavior will be a stimulus to further development as well as to changes in overt behavior. The teacher must be concerned about the child's moral judgements rather than about conformity with the beliefs and judgements of the teacher. (MBM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Communication (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Teacher Education, Washington, DC.