ERIC Number: ED058061
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Science in History, Volume 2: The Scientific and Industrial Revolutions.
Bernal, J. D.
This volume, the second of four, includes parts four and five of the eight parts in the series. Part Four deals with what is called the Scientific Revolution from 1440-1690. This "revolution" is divided into three phases: Phase 1 (1440-1540) includes the Renaissance and the Reformation, during which the world-picture adopted from classical times was challenged, primarily by Copernicus; Phase 2 (1540-1650) saw the challenge completed with the establishment of new experimental methods; and Phase 3 (1650-1690) marked the triumph of the new science, its spread to new fields, the organization of science societies, and a new mathematical-mechanical philosophy. Part Four deals with the Industrial Revolution (1690-1900) and the growth and inner transformation of the economic system of capitalism. In science the developments of the electromagnetic, atomic, and evolutionary theories are seen as culminations of the period, with the steam-engine and growth of the use of iron and steel as the technological breakthroughs. (Author/TS)
Descriptors: Economic Factors, Industry, Natural Sciences, Science History, Sciences, Social Influences, Technological Advancement, Technology, Western Civilization
M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts ($3.95)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A