ERIC Number: ED058015
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Cloze and Closure: A Second Analysis.
Ohnmacht, Fred W.; Fleming, James T.
Results of two studies of the relationship of flexibility and speed of closure with structural, lexical, and concrete/abstract cloze deletion strategies were compared. The first study used 113 high school students as subjects, and the second used 92 college students. All were given a variety of cloze tests and adapted portions of tests of associational fluency and verbal comprehension. Intercorrelations were computed for each experimental group, and factor analyses were made. Marked differences were noted between the high school and college groups. The high school sample had 65 of 66 significant (p<.05) correlations, while the college sample had 32 of 66. Fifteen of the 16 perceptual ability correlations were significant for the high school sample compared to five for the college sample, all verbal ability measures were significant for the high school sample compared to 10 of 16 for the college sample, and the magnitude of all relationships were higher for the high school group. Factor analysis revealed similar results for the two groups with a general cloze factor emerging first, followed by a perceptual factor, and a verbal ability factor. It was concluded that the studies lend support to a differentiation hypothesis of varying difficulty from one age level to another. (MS)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Cloze Procedure, College Students, High School Students, Language Ability, Reading Comprehension, Reading Research, Verbal Ability
National Reading Conference, Inc., Marquette University, 1217 W. Wisconsin Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 53233
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Reading Conference, Tampa, Fla., Dec. 1971