ERIC Number: ED058002
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Oct
The Effects of Visual Tracking Training Upon Five Selected Aspects of the Silent Reading Performance of First Grade Pupils as Measured by Eye-Movement Photography. Final Report.
Thomas, Charles R.
One hundred and fifteen first graders were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Experimental pupils used the Visual Tracking program, and the control pupils participated in directed listening activities in separate rooms. The teachers followed a weekly rotating schedule in supervising the groups. After 12 weeks of training, eye-movement of all pupils were photographed with the EDL Reading Eye Camera as they read silently. Forty-four pupils were retested to collect data for determination of test-retest reliability. Eye-movement scores of 96 pupils were analyzed by factorial analysis of variance. Results showed the following: (1) No significant differences were found between the two groups on any of the five eye-movement measures (fixations, regressions, span, duration, and rate). (2) Girls read with significantly fewer fixations and at a significantly faster rate than did the boys (p < .05). (3) No significant interaction effects were found between visual tracking training and sex. (4) Test-retest reliabilities for the five eye-movement measures ranged from .66 to .88, and (5) Inter-rater reliability coefficients ranged from .82 to .98. It was concluded that the proposition that visual tracking training would improve first graders' silent reading performance was not supported. Tables, appendixes, and a bibliography are included. (AW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Maine Univ., Orono.