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ERIC Number: ED058000
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Dec-2
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Validation of the Cloze Procedure as a Measure of Readability with High School, Trade School, and College Populations.
Peterson, Joe; And Others
This study sought to determine whether the cloze percentage score which Bormuth identified as corresponding to the instructional level for intermediate grade pupils is applicable to more sophisticated students. Reading grade equivalent scores were obtained for 92 eleventh graders and 84 post-high school students on a standardized reading comprehension test. Then cloze passages on health education were assigned to subjects on the basis of a match between grade equivalent scores of the reading test and prediction of readability on the passages. Obtained mean cloze scores for the high school students were considerably higher than those for the post-high school students. A sampling of the cumulative records, available only on the high school students, for previous reading scores on other standardized tests yielded scores higher than those obtained in this study. It was hypothesized that the cloze material might have been at a difficulty level below these students' actual reading level. Since no major discrepancies were observed with the adult groups, the author concluded that it seems possible to use Bormuth's criteria for determining the instructional level with adults. Tables and references are included. (AW)
National Reading Conference, Inc., Marquette University, 1217 W. Wisconsin Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 53233
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Reading Conference, Tampa, Fla., Dec. 1971