ERIC Number: ED057991
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Aug-1
Reading Comprehension Difficulty as a Function of Content Area and Linguistic Complexity.
Aquino, Milagros; And Others
The three purposes of this study were (1) to examine the effect of the frequency of Latin-suffixed words on the cloze performance of readers, (2) to examine the effect of reading materials in different content areas on cloze performance, and (3) to determine whether general reading ability differentially affected cloze scores in various content areas. Ninety articles from three content areas (Movies-T.V.-Theatre, Science, and Human Interest) were selected from five newspapers. The number of Latin suffixes per article (only 200 words of each article were used) was determined, and the articles were classified as high, medium, or low in density of Latin suffixes. The subjects, 225 eighth graders from a middle-class Southern California area, were pretested on a standardized reading test. Each subject was given two articles of the same content area and Latin suffix density to read. Then they were given a cloze test on the two articles. It was found that (1) articles with high density of Latin suffixes were more difficult in terms of cloze performance than low and medium density articles, (2) cloze performance was reliably superior with articles in the Science area, and (3) reading ability did not seem to differentially relate to performance over the content areas. References and tables of data are included. (AL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southwest Regional Educational Lab., Inglewood, CA.