ERIC Number: ED057925
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Sep
Reference Count: 0
The Observation of Parents as Teachers of Preschool Children as a Function of Social Class, Ethnicity, and Cultural Distance between Parent and Child. Final Report.
Steward, Margaret S.
This project was designed to study the process of parents teaching preschool age children using a direct observational method. Six mothers and their own three-year-old sons from seven ethnic groups participated: middle-class Anglo, lower-class Anglo, English-speaking Mexican-American, bilingual Mexican-American; Spanish-Speaking Mexican-American, English-Speaking Chinese-American, Chinese-speaking Chinese-American. In addition, four groups of the mothers taught a second child from their ethnic and social class background, and a third child from an ethnic and social class different from their own. Each mother taught a cognitive sorting game and a motor skill game to each of the children assigned to her. Data were organized in terms of "own child" data and analyzed by means of a one-way analysis of variance, and predicted trends; the "social distance" data were analyzed in a 3 x 2 x 2 mixed factorial design. The data were coded usin g a Parent Interaction Code which allowed analysis of the teaching interaction in terms of programmatic variables: total time, input and pacing; and teaching loop variables: alert, format, child response, and feedback. The single best predictor of maternal teaching, or child response, was ethnicity with some replication of earlier social-class differences. The results tend to support stable constellations of behaviors within ethnic groups of a subtle nature. Further research is recommended. (Author/CK)
Descriptors: Anglo Americans, Attitudes, Behavior Patterns, Chinese, Chinese Americans, Cognitive Processes, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Data Analysis, Ethnic Groups, Group Dynamics, Interaction Process Analysis, Lower Class, Mexican Americans, Middle Class, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Preschool Children, Responses, Social Differences, Spanish Speaking, Teaching Styles
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Davis. Dept. of Psychiatry.