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ERIC Number: ED057912
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Nov-19
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
A Discussion of the Linguistic Environment of the Young, Language Learning Child.
Broen, Patricia
This paper discusses findings from a study of the speech patterns of 10 mothers interacting with their own younger child, their own older child, and with an adult. Results are discussed in terms of the temporal-acoustic pattern and content of the mothers' speech. Two claims are made about the kinds of speech a child hears: (1) The flow of speech is disrupted by broken sentences, extraneous words and phrases, and inappropriate segmentation; and (2) The child hears a random sample of sentences not contrived to teach the child about grammar. Each of the 10 mothers used in this study had one child 18 to 26 months of age and one child 4 to 6 years of age. The mothers talked with each of their children in a play situation and told a story to each of their children from a set of pictures. The toys in the room and the story pictures were held constant across mothers and across children. Each mother also talked with an adult. The speech used by mothers when talking with their younger child was compared with the speech used by mothers when talking with their older child. The speech used with the adult was also compared to the samples of speech to the children. With very young children, mothers used a slower speech rate, and a restricted vocabulary and set of sentences. Sentence boundaries were well marked by pauses, and there was little false information in the form of broken sentences, disfluencies, or inappropriate pauses. As the age of the speaking partner increased, the rate of speech and the diversity of vocabulary increased. (CK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: ASHA Session F-21