ERIC Number: ED057909
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: N/A
Father-Child Interaction and the Intellectual Functioning of Four-Year-Old Boys.
Journal of Developmental Psychology, (in press)
To determine the relationship between parental childrearing practices, sex-role preference, and intellectual functioning in young boys, 21 lower class and 21 middle class white fathers were observed at home interacting with their 4-year-old sons. The Binet, the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, and Brown's "It" Scale were subsequently administered to the children. In the total sample, the boys' IQ was positively correlated with paternal nurturance, and negatively correlated with paternal restrictiveness. Both correlations were significant. Together, nurturance and restrictiveness accounted for over one-third of the variance in IQ. Sharp class differences were found including a significant negative association in the lower class subsample between IQ and a male sex preference. (Author)
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Fathers, Intellectual Development, Intelligence Quotient, Lower Class, Males, Middle Class, Parent Role, Preschool Children, Sex Role, Social Differences, Whites
Norma Radin, School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. School of Social Work.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale