ERIC Number: ED057524
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Confrontation and Change: Community Problems of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities.
Cohen, Julius S., Ed.
Two major papers consider community problems of mental retardation and developmental disabilities, while two others present possible resolutions. Two selections present reactions to each of the four major papers. In the first major paper John L. Johnson discusses the issue of community heat, a term referring to the growing community resistance to certain patterns of community services and the sources of pressure for change being brought to bear on professionals. The second issue examined is the problem of labeling, by Richard J. Whelan and Fred S. Jackson. Particular attention is given to legal issues and aspects relating to the problems of labeling and student placement. In the third major paper Charles W. Thomas, concerned with possible resolutions of the problems, considers child advocacy as a model for social facilitation. The use of the Afro-American child as the primary focus for advocacy is developed. Stella Chess presents an ecological approach to mental retardation and developmental disabilities. Using an interactionist orientation, it is suggested that a problem should be viewed as not residing solely in the individual, but in the interaction between him and his environment. (KW)
Descriptors: Black Youth, Child Advocacy, Community Attitudes, Community Services, Environmental Influences, Exceptional Child Services, Labeling (of Persons), Legal Problems, Mental Retardation
University of Michigan, Publications Distribution Service, 615 East University, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 ($2.50)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Health Services and Mental Health Administration (DHEW), Rockville, MD. Maternal and Child Health Service.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. for the Study of Mental Retardation.
Note: Papers presented at the Second Annual Conference of the ISMRRD (March 4-5, 1971)