ERIC Number: ED057517
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Comprehensive Vocational Programs for Handicapped Students.
Gary, A. L.
Discussed are guidelines for vocational program development for handicapped students. The author rejects the norm-referenced system that compares individual performance to group performance and advocates the criterion-referenced system that is based upon mastery of specific skills. A vocational program's effectiveness is then related to five considerations: individual differences, which the author states are not accounted for in norm-referenced tests; instructional objectives, which are said to communicate teacher expentancies to the learner; test construction, which the author states needs to stem from the instructional objectives; remediation, which can follow a student's incomplete mastery of a skill without traditional failure; and social consequences, which are said to be fostered by criterion-referenced systems. A joint vocational/academic program is then described that incorporates the discussed format. The students are designated as educable mentally handicapped and are participating in the vocational education program that has the terminal goal of job placement. The students eventually are placed in local businesses and may return to vocational school for additional training. Results indicate that the program is effective. (CB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Council for Exceptional Children, Arlington, VA.
Authoring Institution: Hamilton County Dept. of Education, Chattanooga, TN.
Note: Paper presented at the Special Conference on Emerging Models of Special Education for Sparsely Populated Areas (Memphis, Tennessee, December 3, 1971)