ERIC Number: ED057413
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Video Programmed Instruction in Elementary Psychotherapeutic and Related Clinical Skills. Final Report.
Moreland, John R.
Medical students enrolled in an introductory psychiatry course were randomly assigned to one of 2 training conditions. One group received microcounseling training for Attending Behavior, Open-Ended Questions, Minimal Activity, Paraphrases, Reflection of Feeling, and Summarizations. The controls received whatever training their supervisors considered most effective. The same patients were interviewed by the students before and after their training. Following each interview, the interviewers completed various questionnaires. Trained judges scored the videotaped pre- and post-training interviews on various dependent measures. Results showed that the microcounseling subjects had demonstrated some generalization for each of the skills following training, while the controls had improved on only 3 of them. The microcounseling subjects improved significantly more than did the controls in these skills, in the percentage of the statements classified as "good" and "poor," and on the scales of Empathy, Respect, Genuineness, Confrontation and Concreteness. The interviewees rated all of the students significantly higher following the post-training interviews. The microcounseling subjects, however, as a result of their training, learned more than the other subjects about interviewing. (Author/KS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Denver Univ., CO. Dept. of Psychology.; Oklahoma Univ., Oklahoma City. Medical Center.; Massachusetts Univ., Amherst. School of Education.