ERIC Number: ED057401
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Differential Academic Coping Behavior of Siblings from Three Geographic Areas. Final Report.
Feldman, Harold; And Others
This study explored the relationship between family background, family relationships, self concept and school attitude variables, as they were related to the ability of one child in the family to cope more effectively with the same junior high school than did the sibling. Half of the families had no father in the home. Data were gathered by personal interviews with 846 children from 3 geographic areas, rural West Virginia, rurban towns in Upstate New York, and urban center-city Syracuse. Results from partitioning of variance technique supported a differentiated interactive model. Family factors not only predicted differences in achievement, but modified the self concept and school attitudes which, in turn, were related to differences in achievement between siblings. Support was found for a theory of countervailing forces. Urban children needed a strong, strict mother and warm teachers. Rural children needed separation from home, and schools which rewarded creativity and enforced less conformity. Rurban children needed a non-hostile home, intellectual challenge and affiliation with social norms. Peer relationships were negative except in the rural area. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY. Dept of Human Development and Family Studies.