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ERIC Number: ED057375
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
The Differential Effects of Reinforcement and Advice-giving on Information-Seeking Behavior in Counseling.
Samaan, Makram
Two counseling approaches, which differ on how to help a client make a realistic decision, are evaluated for their relative effectiveness. Fifty subjects, randomly selected from a population of students which expressed a need for educational/vocational counseling were assigned to either the reinforcement or the persuasive advice-giving treatment condition or to a control group. Actual counseling in educational/vocational decision-making comprised the experimental task, for which 4 counselors were trained to use either verbal reinforcement or advice-giving. Counselor training, actual interviews and interview evaluation are discussed. Numerous results are reported which point to the superiority of reinforcement as a technique for producing and increasing information-seeking behavior both in the interview and outside of it. The author concludes that reinforcement counseling aids the client's learning a central step in the decision-making process which is transferable to other situations. (TL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Sacramento State Coll., CA.
Note: Paper presented at American Personnel and Guidance Association Convention, Atlantic City, N. J., April 4-8, 1971