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ERIC Number: ED056941
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1962
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Indian History of New York State. Part 3--The Algonkian Tribes.
Ritchie, William A.
This survey of the Algonkian way of life in Eastern New York state, adjacent portions of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts is derived from historical, ethnographical and archeological sources. The physical setting of this area is described briefly. Algonkian life is presented in three major stages of development: 1) the prehistoric period of nomadic life as traced through archaic artifacts such as tools, weapons and ornaments; 2) a period of cultural transition occurring about 2500 B.C. and referred to as the early Woodland period; and 3) the post-colonial period, around the 16th century, in which these Indians began living in larger settlements and established a cohesiveness of tribes that prevented Europeans from seizing the land by force. Indian population later decreased in this area when outward pressures, diseases, and conflicts caused the Algonkians to move farther inland. Descriptions are given of physical appearance and dress, housing, settlement sites, food, social and political structures, Indian practices of warfare, wampum, and ritual. (Related documents are ED 032 985, ED 032 986, and ED 048 950.) (SJM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York State Museum, Albany.