ERIC Number: ED056939
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Nov-23
Reference Count: 0
Why Teach History: The Views of American Historians.
Craddock, Richard S.
This study attempts to present and analyze the claims which professional American historicans, from 1880 to 1970, have made regarding the values to be derived from the study of history: 1) Develops good citizenship; this has been a persuasive theme, meaning different things to different writers; 2) Promotes patriotism. (It is interesting to note that allegations that historical study develops patriotism and good citizenship were made most often and strongly during periods of national crisis); 3) Prepares one for life as accomplished through the development of perspective and a better understanding of the present, among other things; 4) Teaches the historical methods of defining problems, developing pertinent questions, formulating and testing hypotheses, gathering and analyzing data, and reaching conclusions; 5) Develops historical mindedness, a quality deemed essential for an objective approach to issues; 6) Develops specific skills such as research, map, and other graphic skills, and critical thinking; 7) Provides a guide to action; 8) Develops better persons; and, 9) Miscellaneous values. Although historians did not always agree, nor stress the same values, nor use identical terminology, there is considerable consensus regarding the nature of their discipline and potential values to be derived from its study. (Author/JLB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Delaware Univ., Newark. School of Education.
Note: Speech presented at the Annual Conference, National Council for the Social Studies, New York, New York, November 23-28, 1970