ERIC Number: ED056853
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Developing Creative and Critical Thinking Through an Elementary Science Program. Final Report.
Struthers, Joseph A.
Reported is a variety of studies associated with the development of new elementary science programs in the Boulder Valley School District. Three approaches to elementary science were given field trials, one using textbooks based on a conceptual schemes approach, one based on the Elementary Science Study materials, and the other based on the American Association for the Advancement of Science "Science - A Process Approach." Tests were developed to measure changes in childrens' critical and creative thinking, and a classroom observation system was developed to categorize teaching styles as expository, inductive, or indeterminate. In a later phase of the project, teachers were given a choice of a textbook-based or non-textbook course. Data are reported bearing on the effects of curriculum materials, teaching styles, type of course chosen by the teachers, and on changes in student critical and creative thinking abilities. Both the expository and inductive teaching styles proved superior to the indeterminate style in producing changes in creative thinking; the non-textbook course favored creative thinking. Also reported is a study of the effect of different instructional methods for developing the concept of conservation at the first grade level. Appended are a report of the development of a group measure to assess pre-causal and pre-logical thinking in primary school age children, and copies of the tests of critical thinking and creative thinking. (EB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Boulder Valley School District RE-2, Boulder, CO.