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ERIC Number: ED056849
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Dec
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Department of Reading and Study Skills at Texas Southern University: A Longitudinal Study to Determine an Effective Method of Teaching Reading to College Students Whose Backgrounds are Partially or Wholly Disadvantaged.
Whittaker, Jeweleane Wilma
A machine-oriented reading course was compared to a textbook-oriented reading course to see which course more effectively improved reading rate and reading comprehension in disadvantaged college freshmen. Subjects were 340 college freshmen in reading classes at Texas Southern University who were divided into two matched treatment groups. The experimental group used a variety of machines, including tachistoscopes, controlled readers, filmstrip projectors, and tape recorders. The textbook groups used the Reading Improvement Program by Edwards and Silvaroli and Toward Better Reading Skills by Cosper and Griffin. The Nelson-Denny Reading Test, Forms A and B measured initial and final rate, vocabulary, and comprehension. After one semester, the group taught by machines did not differ significantly from the group taught by books. Individual gains were most noticeable among students with consistent class attendance. Tables and references are included. (AL)
National Reading Conference, Inc., Marquette University, 1217 W. Wisconsin Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 53233
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Reading Conference, Tampa, Fla., Dec. 1971