ERIC Number: ED056450
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Application of Behavioral Principles to the Remedial Instruction of Retarded and Emotionally Disturbed Young Children. Final Report.
Bijou, Sidney W.
Empirical behavior principles were applied to the development of remedial teaching procedures and materials for retarded and emotionally disturbed students ages 5-8. Students were referred by schools as severe behavior problems or extreme learning disability cases; intelligence ranged from retarded to normal. Research, conducted in two laboratory classrooms, involved the individual-organism design in which each child served as his own control. Research on preparing programed instructional materials resulted in individualized programs in beginning reading, arithmetic, writing, spelling, and language. Research on procedures included development of individual pupil assessment techniques, a structure for the class day, techniques for modifying social-emotional behavior in the classroom, procedures for training the teacher's assistant and parents, and analysis of associated theoretical and methodological problems. Conclusions were that handicapped children can make academic and personal-emotional-social progress in such special classes at the primary level; that teacher aides are necessary to help with individualized instruction; that the teacher training curriculum needs to include behavioral technology; and that, with modifications, findings can be incorporated into public school special classes. (KW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Champaign. Child Behavior Lab.